What is oil pulling?
To be honest you can dress it up in various ways, but the bottom line is it's a traditional Indian folk remedy that requires sesame, olive or coconut oil (all virgin cold pressed) to be swilled around your mouth for 5-20 minutes (depending upon which website you read) pulling it through your teeth before spitting and brushing; swallowing is not recommended Optimum appears to be first thing in a morning, but some do twice a day - generally the guidance seems to be 4hrs after eating (not sure I ever go that long!) and 1hr after drinking...
Well proponents of oil pulling claim it pulls toxins from the body, which can help a whole host of health conditions. From eczema to acne and joint issues, diabetes, migraine, hypertension, ischemic heart
disease, liver & respiratory conditions; Google and you will find someone claiming oil pulling cured them. I don't honestly see how toxins could be pulled through the mucous membrane as some websites suggest, which I will discuss more in a moment; but as it is also reputed as excellent for oral health, getting rid of toothache and reducing gum disease, I decided to read more. What's interesting about oil pulling is that there's no big pharma heading up this campaign, posting fake reviews etc; clearly people who advocate pulling believe it helped them.
There are those however who take the claims of oil pulling to another level, particularly Dr Karach MD - feel free to do your own digging!
Ok as I said above, I'm not convinced toxins can be pulled through the mucosal surfaces of the mouth; however things can certainly pass into the bloodstream sublingually - think of the tiny pills or spray that people put under their tongue during an angina attack. In fact this route is faster and the substance is only exposed to saliva before entering the bloodstream; anything swallowed has to pass through the digestive tract where enzymes get to work.
A little digging turned up a paper entitled "Oil pulling – Unraveling the path to mystic cure", Alaka Hebbar* Vaishali Keluskar** Arvind Shetti*** *Post Graduate Student, **M.D.S, Professor and Head, ***M.D.S, Professor, Department of oral Medicine & Radiology, KLES V.K Institute Of Dental Sciences, Nehru
Nagar, Belgaum, Karnataka, India. Published in the Journal of International Oral Health 2010 states:
"Sesame seed oil has a high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids and is a good source of vitamins. The antioxidants present in it are namely sesamin, sesamolin and sesaminol. These lignans have certain actions on the living tissues like- Detoxification of toxins, antioxidant effect, potentiates the action of vitamin E, prevents lipid peroxidation and antibiotic effect in that it helps in the destruction of microorganisms. Sesamin has found to inhibit the absorption of cholesterol as well as its production in the liver, reduces lipogenesis and exhibits an antihypertensive action."You can find it here and is well worth a read if this subject interests you. This suggests amongst other things that the oil hit alone is responsible for some results.
In terms of dental health the claims are it breaks down plaque and neutralises harmful bacteria - resulting it whiter, cleaner, healthier teeth and gums and fresh breath. The paper above also explores this:
"The mechanism by which the oil pulling therapy causes plaque reduction is not known. The viscosity of the oil probably inhibits bacterial adhesion and plaque co-aggregation. Other possible mechanism might be saponification or the „soap-formation‟ process that occurs as a result of alkali hydrolysis of fat. Sesame oil is a vegetable fat and when it is acted upon by the salivary alkali like bicarbonates, the soap forming process is initiated. Soaps are good cleansing agents because they are effective emulsifying agents. Emulsification is the process by which insoluble fat like sesame oil is broken down into minute droplets and dispersed in water. Emulsification greatly enhances the surface area of the oil there by increasing its cleansing action."Evidence?
"AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oil pulling with sesame oil on the count of Streptococcus mutans in plaque and saliva of children, using the Dentocult SM Strip mutans test, and to compare its efficacy with that of chlorhexidine mouthwash.
RESULTS: There was a reduction in the S. mutans count in the plaque and saliva samples of both the study and the control groups. The reduction in the S. mutans count in the plaque of the study group was statistically significant after 1 and 2 weeks (P=0.01 and P=0.008, respectively); the control group showed significant reduction at all the four time points (P=0.01, P=0.04, P=0.005, and P=0.005, respectively, at 24 h, 48 h, 1 week, and 2 weeks). In the saliva samples, significant reduction in S. mutans count was seen in the control group at 48 h, 1 week, and 2 weeks (P=0.02, P=0.02, P=0.008, respectively)
CONCLUSION: Oil pulling can be used as an effective preventive adjunct in maintaining and improving oral health." (1)and in another study:
"The effect of oil-pulling on the reduction of total count of bacteria was determined. There was a remarkable reduction in the total count of bacteria. The process of oil-pulling reduced the susceptibility of a host to dental caries." (2)and another:
"The oil pulling therapy showed a reduction in the plaque index, modified gingival scores, and total colony count of aerobic microorganisms in the plaque of adolescents with plaque-induced gingivitis." (3)and
"Oil pulling is having dental benefits. Hence this holds a chance to be added to other oral hygiene measures" (4)I think the paper discussed above; "Unravelling the path to mystic cure", sums things up well in its conclusion:
"Inspite of all the advances in the field of health science, traditional healing methods still have a major role to play. These methods are born out of native wisdom of very high intellectualism. They are untouched and unspoiled. If they are analysed on scientific backgrounds they stand the test of time. Hence oil pulling is one such method which improves the oral health and benefits various systems as well."So do you oil pull? Has it helped? Are you planning on trying? If so please keep us updated!
1. Effect of oil pulling on Streptococcus mutans count in plaque and saliva using Dentocult SM Strip mutans test: a randomized, controlled, triple-blind study. Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry (2008)
Volume: 26, Issue: 1, Pages: 12-17
2. Effect of oil-pulling on dental caries causing bacteria, African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol.(2) pp.063-066, March, 2008
3. Asokan S, Emmadi P, Chamundeswari R. Effect of oil pulling on plaque induced gingivitis: A randomized, controlled, triple-blind study. Indian J Dent Res 2009;20:47-51
4. Effect of Oil Pulling on Plaque and Gingivitis, J Oral Health Comm Dent 2007 ;1(1):12-1