All content of this blog is my own opinion only. It does not represent the views of any organisation or association I may work for, or be associated with. Nothing within this blog should be considered as medical advice and you should always consult your Doctor.

Tizzie Hall responds to FSID (PART 4)

Some mums have noted that comment moderation is in place on Tizzie Hall's own website - therefore I have reproduced an excerpt of her post with a link to the rest, you are welcome to comment here :)

Thank you Prof Haycock
I would like to thank Prof Haycock for taking the time to respond to the questions posed by Analytical Armadillo in concerns to my bedding advice. My official response is below. 
FSID believes that it is vital that all parents are offered safe sleep advice which is supported by independent, peer-reviewed scientific research. Babies are all very different so it is important for parents to be aware of their baby’s temperature by feeling their tummy or the back of their neck – not their hands or feet – and if they do feel hot they should remove a layer.
Here is our advice:
1. Babies do not need hot rooms and all night heating is rarely necessary.  Keep the room at a temperature between 16-20ºC.  18ºC (65ºF) is just right.  20 degrees is what I recommend in Australia and other areas on this side of the world and after a recent trip to the UK and Ireland I will now be recommending 18 degrees for that side of the world. My advice is consistent with FSID guidelines.
2. Adults find it difficult to judge the temperature in the room, so use a room thermometer in the rooms where your baby sleeps I always recommend my parents measure the room temperature with a room thermometer to establish the ambient temperature of the room. I recommend a room thermometer in my online store.
Taken from my bedding guide –
I suggest having a baby’s room cooled to 22 degrees centigrade in summer (if you are using air conditioning), or warmed to 20 degrees centigrade in winter. If you do not have hydronic heating, I suggest you use an oil-filled column heater. I do not advise using ducted heating in a baby’s room due to the dust it blows around. A good way of keeping an eye on the temperature is to use a room thermometer.” Please note:  to clarify one point above, I have found that if you set your air-conditioning to 22 degrees when trying to cool a room it gives a actual room temperature of 20 degrees.
My advice is consistent with FSID guidelines.
3. When you check your baby, if they are sweating or their tummy feels hot to the touch, take off some of the bedding or clothing. Don’t worry if their hands or feet feel cool, this is normal. I clearly state in my bedding this exact same thing. Here is the direct quote - 
Please note: Using the above guides, you will still need to watch your individual baby and adjust the bedding if your baby appears too hot or cold. Here are a couple of pointers to tell if your baby is too hot or cold. 
Signs of a baby who is too hot might include:
• the baby will be waking and moaning,
• having a sweaty back
• having sweaty or wet clothes.
• Shallow, rapid breathing
Signs that your baby is too cold might include:
• Moving all around the cot
• Never laying still
• Rolling on to their tummy
• Catnapping in the day, or
• Waking from 4am (but more often 5am)
You might also need to adjust the recommended bedding depending on the humidity level where you live as well.
The sheets and blankets in your child’s cot should be made from cotton or bamboo.
• Never tuck a sleeping bag in under the mattress because this will restrict your little one’s movement and is dangerous.
• The most important rules to remember to protect your little one from SIDS are to have a totally smoke-free pregnancy and environment for your baby, and to always place a baby in the safe sleeping position on their back to sleep
• Toddlers over 18 months appear to be better at controlling their own body temperature while they sleep so might need less bedding.
• To see how I set a cot up with bedding please visit my BLOG February 2010
My recommendations are consistent with FSID guidelines.
 4. Use lightweight blankets or a baby sleeping bag. If your baby feels too warm, reduce the number of layers or use a lower tog baby sleeping bag. In warm summer weather, your baby may not need any bedclothes at all. Do not use a duvet, quilt or pillow for babies under 12 months. 
I am confused by the word “or” used here; “Use lightweight blankets or a baby sleeping sack” My confusion comes because research I have read by Monique P L’Hoir states “ we hypothesized that turning prone is prostponed when a sleeping bag was used, and even more so if the baby was tucked in with a blanket as well.” This statement is in line with what my observations have shown. Although I have also seen that if more lightweight bedding is used this may delay the baby rolling to their tummy for even longer. I can’t help but wonder here if it is FSID who are suggesting a sleeping bag or bedding or if it is the sleeping bag companies suggesting this….
For the research see information heading 134s COT DEATH AND SLEEPING SACKS the very last line states “we hypothesized that turning prone is prostponed when a sleeping back was used, and even more so if the baby was tucked in with a blanket as well.”
My recommendations is to use layers of lightweight 100% cotton or bamboo blankets and watch your baby for signs of being too hot or too cold as stated above. From my bedding guide
 “So why not just add more clothing under the sleeping bag and then eliminate the need for blankets? The reason I recommend using bamboo or cotton blankets along with a safe sleeping bag, and not normally using more than two layers of clothing underneath the sleeping bag, is because I feel more than two layers under a sleeping bag causes a risk of its own. You might for example, as advised by some sleeping bag manufacturers, add extra layers under your baby’s sleeping bag. Then, when you go in to check your little one at night and discover he feels too hot, you may decide not risk lifting him to remove some clothing layers because you are scared of waking him. You and I would like to think we would put safety first, but it’s important to remember that some nights we might feel too tired to risk waking our sleeping baby. In my opinion this is a far more dangerous situation than using bamboo or cotton blankets that can be added and removed as needed. On the other hand, if you found your baby was too cold without enough layers under his sleeping bag you might just grab the nearest thing – for example a quilt or polyester blanket – and throw it over your baby. A safer approach is to have the correct safe bedding at hand and educate the people who are around your baby at sleep times about how to put your little one to bed safely. My advice is consistent with FSID recommendations.
5. Even in winter, babies who are unwell and feverish need fewer clothes and bedclothes. Currently I do not have this warning in my bedding guide but as a result of this blog I have now realised that some parents are confused how to dress their babies and what to cover them with when unwell so I will be adding a paragraph to explain that less bedding and clothing is needed when a baby is unwell. My advice will be updated to include this FSID recommendation.
6. Babies need to lose excess heat from their heads. Make sure their head cannot be covered by the bedclothes by sleeping them ‘feet to foot’ (with their feet to the foot of the cot) so they don’t wriggle down under the covers.
Taken from my safe bedding guide –
  • The most important rules to remember to protect your little one from SIDS are to have a totally smoke-free pregnancy and environment for your baby, and to always place a baby in the safe sleeping position on their back to sleep
And taken from my SIDS article – Which can be found under ‘Free Reading’ on my website –
Make sure your baby’s face and head stay uncovered while your baby is sleeping. A good way to ensure this is to put your baby’s feet at the bottom of the cot so that she can’t slip down underneath the bedclothes. Tuck in bedclothes securely so they can’t become loose. Never put quilts, doonas, duvets, pillows, lambskins or cot bumpers in a cot or under the sheet covering the mattress.
My grandmother says I should put a hat on my five-week-old baby to make him sleep better. What do you think? This is a question posed to me which is on my website and my answer to the question is below – this FAQ is also in my book.
I have heard this a few times and believe it to be a very dangerous old wives’ tale. You should most definitely not put a hat on your baby to help him sleep as this could cause your baby to overheat and will increase the risk of SIDS. If your baby is too hot and needs to cool down, he will need to be able to lose that heat through his head. You may put a hat on your baby if you are outdoors in cold weather, but take it off once inside.
My advice is consistent with FSID guidelines.
 7. Babies should never sleep with a hot water bottle or electric blanket, or next to a radiator, heater or fire, or in direct sunshine. I do not recommend any of these things but do not state this in my bedding guide. My advice will be updated to include this FSID recommendation.
8. When it’s warm, you can cool the room where your baby sleeps by closing the curtains and opening the windows during the day.  Offer your baby plenty to drink, and in very hot weather, sponge them down regularly with tepid water.  Use a fan but do not place it directly onto your baby. I concur as stated in my bedding guide.
My advice is consistent with FSID guidelines.
9. Remove hats and extra clothing as soon as you come indoors or enter a warm bus, train or shop, even if it means waking your baby. I have shown an example above where I also recommend this. My advice is consistent with FSID guidelines.
10. A car can become very hot in the summer. Avoid direct sunlight on your baby.  In winter, keep the heating low, and remove your baby’s outdoor clothing.  A thermometer may be helpful. I believe we have addressed this above. I will add the point about babies getting hot in cars to my SIDS article.  My advice is consistent with FSID guidelines
Research Evidence:
The most important publication implicating over-wrapping of babies as a risk factor for SIDS is the Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths in Infancy (CESDI) report 1 which had a very large dataset. Some of the data in the report had been published before. 2-4 In the chapter Thermal Environment and Arrangement of Bedding the authors state
 “For both the usual sleep and last/reference sleep, the SIDS infants were wrapped significantly more warmly than the control infants. The difference in the distribution of tog values remained significant when adjusted for socio-economic status. Notably twice as many SIDS infants put down for the last/reference sleep were covered by 10 tog or more bedding, and three times as many were found this way compared to the control infants.” – I do not, for the majority, recommend covering with 10 tog or MORE of bedding. So therefore my recommendations I believe are consistent with FSID guidelines. I recommend in my guide 6 layers of 0.6 tog blankets which is 3.6 tog plus a doubled over sheet of 0.4 tog totalling 4.0 tog and a maximum of 16 layers at 0.6 tog with is 9.6 tog include the doubled over sheet at 0.4 tog which is 10 tog. I note the above statement is 10 or more so I will adjust my maximum layers for a baby over 4 months sleeping in a cot to 15 layers as 16 layers equals 10 tog. I would like to point out that if the above study was undertaken on baby’s 3 months and under, which I suspect it was then I do not recommend more than 12 layers for baby in cot and 10 layers for a baby in moses basket – total 6.4 tog and 7.6 tog respectively (including doubled over sheet calculated to .4 tog) I also strongly advise my parents to begin with my recommended bedding, not my maximum bedding and watch their baby’s for signs of being too hot or too cold and add or remove the bedding as needed. My advice is 99% consistent with that of the current research outlined here  and I will adjust the maximum layers for a baby over 4 months sleeping in a cot to 15 layers of my recommended blankets.
To Note: You may argue that the ‘standard blanket layer’ is 1.5 to 2.0 tog however it is my belief that this average would have been achieved by evaluating the broad range of blankets on the market – cotton, bamboo, wool, polyester, polar fleece etc. I have not been able to find an answer to ‘what is the average tog of a cotton or bamboo blanket?’ so therefore I can only go with what the range of blankets I recommend have been tog tested too. I have made it clear in my bedding advice as taken from my bedding guide – “The sheets and blankets in your child’s cot should be made from cotton or bamboo
 CESDI indicated that worrying about overheating might actually be protective:
“Significantly more control than index mothers worried about their baby getting too hot, suggesting a protective effect…”
It was the mothers of the SIDS infants who worried most about their baby being too cold:
27.8% of the mothers of SIDS infants compared to 15.8% of controls. I would argue that parents following my routines and advice could be more aware of the dangers of both overheating and underheating than parents not following my advice because of the emphasis and importance I stress in bedding and setting up a safe sleeping environment. I would argue that you would find my parents would be monitoring their babies on a very regular basis.


You can read Contradictions in Tizzie Hall's response to FSID HERE


  1. Clare Davidson30 July 2011 at 09:52

    I posted a comment on Tizzie's own blog but in case my comment doesn't make it through moderation I shall repeat it here (along with the original mistake I made and follow up comment).

    I posted in response: Waking in the night is protective against SIDS. I believe the focus should be on keeping babies safe, and supporting parents to understand and deal with the very real psychological and physical reasons babies need to be close to their parents and comforted by them physically during the night. Not by marketing yet more products at vulnerable parents or making out that their baby only wakes because they are doing something wrong.

    I believe you also missed the most important point that was made by Prof. Haycock that in giving advice that is used to promote your own business you have a conflict of interest. Maybe you should have a baby products shop OR an advice business, but not both.

    I then posted to clarify: I apologise for the mistake I made in my last post attributing the words of DR FLANDERS MD, FRCPC about the conflict of interest to Prof Haycock.

    Would you like to respond seperately to Dr Flanders?

  2. Tizzie, you are clearly unaware of what a hypotheses is and as a result your advice does NOT bare any consistence to fSIDS advice. I have seen you suggest yourself to your followers to use MORE blankets if the child is still waking and I have also read from YOUR own material to have a room at 25 degrees celcius no matter where in THE world you are, again not SIDS compliant. You have been reeling out this information for so long you have become completely deluded by it yourself. Granted, you have what appears to be a very lucrative business that makes you a lot of money so it's easy to see why you won't admit your advice is potentially dangerous, admitting that will lose you money.
    It's such a shame that you try and manipulate evidence to your own agenda at the risk of vulnerable infants.(Bec)

  3. I posted this on her blog -

    I have some questions about swaddling.

    Given that infants (and even toddlers) are designed to wake frequently at night to feed and skin to skin is a very important part of that, how is this easily achieved without dismantling the swaddling and disturbing the baby? In a co-sleeping environment, the mum and baby would simply wake enough to feed without having to adjust anything and then fall back to sleep again. Surely swaddling makes breastfeeding harder.

    Also, in a co-sleeping environment the mum regulates the baby's temperature, heartbeat and breathing without having to consciously check the baby throughout the night. Surely swaddling increases the risk of SIDS (interferes with normal mother/baby skin to skin regulation).

    Why try to interfere with the normal course of sleep and feeding when nature works just fine without intervention?

  4. I still think that you have not explained 16 blankets? They do add up to a lot more then 10tog especially when baby is wearing clothing as well.
    You missed off the very valid point about having a conflict of interest when you gain financially from the advice you give. Whether you are conscious of it or not you are financially motivated. Even in this article you mention your online store.

  5. Have posted the following comment on Tizzie's blog, but doubt it will make it through moderation.

    "With all due respect Tizzie, I find it frankly offensive that you continue to enforce your idea of the "correct and safe" amount of blankets. This would imply you've done peer reviewed research into the amount of blankets which is "correct and safe" which you've already stated that you haven't. Please stop insulting mothers by peddling your own advice and "observations" as fact, if you have no solid evidence to back it up.

    In addition, the onus is on YOU to complete research regarding your recommendations, and I'm sure you could more than afford to fund a study through a university or other scientific institution to prove your advice is safe before presenting it as gospel."

  6. I also posted a reply but again doubt it will be allowed through moderation... Here it is:

    Well, Tizzie.
    You have had to twist and pull at a lot of that information to make it seem like your advice fits with FSIDs recommendations. And you still uphold advice you give out based on nothing but your opinion even when FSID have stated that there isnt research to base it on.
    I for one still think you are a dangerous fraud and everything you say and do when trying to defend yourself just confirms it more and more.

    You will delete this post, i know that as you are afraid of people reading/seeing negative things about you but at least I know you will have seen it...
    Unless you decide not to delete it to try and prove me wrong.... Either way I'm sure your response/reaction will be just as childish as all your previous.

  7. She still doesn't get it, does she? That in itself is truely dangerous. I just hope to God that a baby does not die from her advice, although we already know the emotional repercussions of it. I'm living proof of that.

    This woman is vile, she see's little more then dollar signs. It was predictable that she would show this response. What a sad scenario for hundreds of babies :(

  8. PH Raiding you took the words right out of my mouth, she really does not get it! And you are so very right that is very dangerous. In my opinion Tizzie Hall can no longer defend her methods, they are dangerous and she should find another way to make a living! Her replies here are just a load of nonsense, one contradiction after another. The bedding guide is not consistent with a recent urgent update posted to her forum //IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT BLANKETS AND LAYERING

    Hi All:
    We have noticed with the increased membership to our new forum area that there are quite a few of you who are using more than the total recommended amount of blanket layers. I know we are normally suggesting that baby’s are cold and you need to add layers, and in many cases this is correct but we do need to let you know that there is a limit to amount of layers that you should be using with your babies.

    Tizzie recommends that the maximum blanket layers that should be used on a newborn to 3 month old baby sleeping in a bassinet is 10 layers, a newborn to 3mth old baby sleeping in cot is 12 layers and a baby 4 months and over is 16 layers.

    Tizzie’s safe bedding guide is written on the amount of layers NOT how many tog those layers add up to. When we talk about references to the tog of a quilt in relation to the amount of bedding needed to keep your baby sleeping warm and safely this is an example to demonstrate that babies do require bedding to sleep safely. Cotton or Bamboo cellular blankets will trap warm air in to keep your baby warm enough to sleep safely with more efficiency than a adult quilt does. We do not need to achieve the same tog rating as a 14 tog quilt but we need to achieve the same warmth which is quite different when using cotton/bamboo blankets. Tizzie has researched this when writing her bedding guide and has found that if additional blankets to the bedding guide are needed, which they are in many cases it should not total more than 16 layers of Save Our Sleep® recommended blankets (for a baby over 4 months).

    We have observed that many of you have been trying to achieve the total tog of the Save Our Sleep® recommended blankets with other brand blankets but we do not advise that you do this. This is because you need to use too many layers of other blankets to achieve the same warmth as the Save Our Sleep® recommended blankets for your baby to sleep safely. Using anymore than the recommended amounts listed above is not safe.

    We understand there are some of you who are not able to invest the required amount of Save Our Sleep® recommended blankets so in this case we suggest putting up a post in the trading area asking for pre loved Save Our Sleep® recommended blankets. After you have put up this post please email the link to your post to and Tizzie will do a ‘shout out’ on the facebook fanpage for you as well.//END Her bedding guide says something different! She is recommending that you put the baby in a sleeping bag, swaddle in a double wrap and then layer up with blankets, that is not in line with current FSID guidelines at all! Tizzie Hall you need a new pair of reading glasses!This is just sheer belligerence in my opinion because if she changes anything she will loose her income! I hope that someone in authority takes this seriously and makes moves to ban this method before a baby is seriously damaged or killed.

  9. Based on this, and the anon comment above me, it suggests although she says most of her clients use less tan the max 10-16 layers she advises, there are obviously enough people using far more tan that, in order for it to warrant concern amongst her and her team enough for them to make that official update on blanket layers.... That is even more worrying.

  10. I would like to know how she 'knows' how many layers her clients are using? There must be hundreds if not thousands of parents out there following this method layering up their babies to sleep and she wouldn't have a clue how many layers they are using, how could she?.

  11. Anyone notice that she does not address the recommendation "In warm summer weather, your baby may not need any bedclothes at all." even though she actually recommends a higher room temperature during summer? And how on earth does it make sense that the room temperature should be higher in one hemisphere than another? Are those babies more cold-natured? Just another way to manipulate things to make it look like she is complying.

  12. (apologies for the anon comment but i dont have any of the other options!)
    No surprise that she also ignores the FSID comments about how "There is no scientific evidence to suggest babies roll over because they are cold, indeed, the peak age of death for SIDS infants is 2-3 months, an age when most babies are unable to roll."
    And that she doesn't appear to have posted any of AA's responses or the whole FSID response on her own page.... Once again, censoring information available to her 'fans.' I hope some of them are intelligent enough to see through this and go do their own research and question why so many are concerned about her advice instead of just assuming we are all AP extremists who all cosleep and all breastfeed and just hate Tizzie for no reason, lol.

  13. I am not a fan of that Hall women, I know that is no surprise. I do wonder about the scientific/child development community in Australia and how they can sit on the sidelines by watching this crazy woman sprout off her 'ideas' backed by her own personal 'research'.

  14. I Would just like to say that if I was Professor Haycock I would be seriously pissed that someone had twisted my words in such a way as to make it look like he is backing THs 'hypotheses'. Obviously I am more biased anyway due to the fact I hate the woman but I just thought is put it out there.....

    P.s. for those posting as anon but would prefer to put their name, you can use the option above anon 'Name/URL' and just leave URL blank as I do - just incase people didn't know they could do this C:

  15. In an ocean of confusion there is only one voice speaking clearly and simply enough to understand easily. It's certainly NOT Tizzie Hall. After what I've been reading it's clear to me Tizzie Hall doesn't even understand her own advice and it is conflicting, confusing and dangerous to her followers. The fact she has closed ALL discussions about this to only her paying members speaks oceans really doesn't it. All she really cares about is the ringing of tills, just like every other business. Money speaks louder than anything and to make money under the guise of 'safe sleep' is just amazingly underhand and quite sick!

  16. anyone else concerned by all her typos, spelling and grammatical errors. Doesn't inspire a lot of hope when it's so obvious very little time, thought or effort has gone into her 'official replies.' Stinks of unprofessionalism in my lowly opinion....... *But that's just my observation!

  17. Sorry, where does she say to have the room at 25 degrees?

  18. Does Dr Flanders also have a problem with a sleeping bag company gaining financially from its relationship with FSIDS???

  19. Anonymous, sorry I mean Tizzie. - he has a Facebook page - pop along and ask him. This is AA's page, she cannot answer for someone else.

    I will reply to Tizzies response here, as it didn't make it through moderation, surprisingly ;)

    TL:DR Nat

    FSIDS in their research found that taking away the risk factors for bed sharing, it is AS SAFE AS COT SLEEPING. However they gave blanket advice to not co-sleep for the fact that there will always be people willing to take risks. Please don't pick and choose in order to have a go.

    AA's blog may be anonymous, but at least its not censored in comments, and she backs everything up with research. For an anonymous blog to do more to back up her claims, then a professional making millions out of "observations", is rather telling, wouldn't you say?

    Back to the original post. I really don't see how you can think you are in line with FSIDS advice. Many of your points are conflicting. You contradict yourself several times, that it gets confusing. Certainly if I were a follower, I'd be feeling pretty let down by the whole "I'm right and you are wrong ner ner ner ner ner" childishness Tizzie has displayed in order to protect her business interests. Its unprofessional, and personally I do hope this issue becomes more public, so people can discover how dangerous this woman is, before they buy the book.

    Personally, anyone making money by preying on vunerable new mothers makes me sick. Playing on their fears, offering them self doubt. And taking away every inch of their instinct.

    This comment won't make it through moderation, after all the truth hurts.

    "there is none so blind, as those who will not see"

  20. Dr Flanders has his own Facebook page, feel free to ask him. AA cannot answer for him.

  21. I can only imagine that my boiling hot, sweaty baby, in her nappy, short-sleeved vest and 1-tog sleeping bag, in a 25degC bedroom (no air con - in UK) was cold last night then, as she rolled onto her tummy as soon as she was placed into her cot. I can't imagine even considering putting more bedding on an already baking baby :(

  22. If I understand Tizzies’ position correctly, she is suggesting air con be set to 22 deg c, which she beleives results in an ambient temperature of 20 deg c in Australia – but in the UK and Ireland, she is suggesting a room temp of 18 deg c. Either way, it sounds like a warm room to me, and a very controlled, artificial environment.

    She is then suggesting layers, and layers, under and over baby, wrapping the baby tightly, and reducing the baby’s freedom of movement. A baby who rolls over or flails is wrapped more tightly.

    She then suggests continual monitoring of the baby and the room temperature all night long; and this will be taxing for a parent who isn’t sleeping in the same room as the baby.

    The list of signs that the baby is too warm worries me because I’d guess that most of them are signs of being VERY warm. By contrast, the list of signs that your baby is cold sound like normal baby behaviour.

    Overall, if Tizzie’s advice is construed as being in line with FSID recommendations, (and I think it would be easy for many parents to interpret her advice in a way that is inconsistent), then it is clear that the baby wil be at the very warmest end of the spectrum.

    I wouldn’t want to parent like this, and I wouldn’t want to be a baby who was parented by a Tizzie devotee.

  23. Melanie, she's suggesting, if the temperature is cold, then use a heater and set it to be at 20 degree warmness. If room is hot, then set the air conditioning to 22 degree. Don't really understand what you mean by "a very controlled, artificial environment." if the room is too cold or too warm, don't you need to do something about to achieve the comfortable temperature? do you not use a heater in your bedroom when it's very cold? Or do you not use a fan or air con to cool down the room if it's very warm?

    You of course can choose to sleep with your baby, no one is against that. If you do then this book is not for you - don't use it then.

    I have had great sleep through and rest and I don't find her method to be any problem.

    it's personal choice. You choose what suits you. It is plain rude and nasty to criticise any parent using any method.

  24. I thought about this the night before last, as I kicked off every last bit of cover it the summer heat (and I'm only in the UK!) Is there every a time they can go blanketless under Tizzies "safe" bedding guide rules?

  25. AA, If they are too warm then yes! Contrary to popular belief we don't want our babies be too warm, we don't blindly put blankets on. Her guidelines for checking if bub is to warm is the same as everyone's elses. So if bub is warm take blankets off. Babies are just little people and so there will be differences. My DH feels the heat terribly whereas I feel the cold. My son feels the cold and heat so I find there is a huge difference between 20 and 22 degrees for him

  26. "I have found that if you set your air-conditioning to 22 degrees when trying to cool a room it gives a actual room temperature of 20 degrees."

    Huh???? Okay, maybe if your thermostat is in a different part of the house that might be true. Even so, thermostats vary; just because hers said 22 when the room measured 20 doesn't mean everyone's will.